JAWAHAR NAVODAYA VIDYALA was introduced in 1985 by Rajiv Ghandhi with the infection of ushering in an educational revolution. He realized that to make India a Super Power, it is vital to reform and revolutionize education. He felt that the elite were migrating to west for education and jobs and wanted to a reverse brain drain. To make India a super power, he realized that 80% of India is Rural and the economic, educational, social development and empowerment should start from rural areas for rural students. A farsighted thought no one else in the world ever had. He started the first model school of the country as JAWAHAR NAVODAYA VIDYALA (JNV) at Amravati in Maharashtra in 1986.

               Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas are central government co-educational, residential institution. They are established and managed by Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, an autonomous body of the ministry of Human Resource Development Ministry, Government of India. These institutions are fully financed by Government of India.


              Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas are established in rural areas of each district except in Tamil Nadu. A total 80 students are admitted to class VI each year with 40 students in each section. A vidyalaya with class XII will have 560 students. An entrance examination is administered to students studying in class V in the syllabus and choosing language of the students. Following reservation is followed

              Rural students representing all blocks of the district 75% urban students 25% girl students 33% S.C 15% S.T.T 5% physically challenged 3.5% No VIP quota computerized evaluation and merit is made by CBSE to select real meritorious students.

Academic Aspects

          JNVs are established to provide total education, character and to produce worthy citizens who would lead India in the community of nations. Quality CBSE education is provided using NCERT (National Council of Education Research and Training) text books. English, Mother-Tongue, Science, Social Science subjects are compulsory in the class X Board Exam. Hindi is optional and not forced upon anyone. Mother- Tongue is optional in senior secondary level. Apart from curricular subjects training is given in Co-curricular and extra-curricular activities to provide all round development of the students. JAWAHAR NAVODAYA VIDYALA produce 98% quality results in all India CBSE Exams which is 10% more than KVs. Most of the toppers in IITS, IIMS, IIITS, IAS, IAFS, IPS and NEET are Navodayars to prove the quality of education.


             Each non Hindi speaking JNV is linked/paired with the Hindi speaking vidyalaya, 30% students non Hindi speaking JNV students migrate to their paired school for one year and vise-versa when they are in class IX. To make this migration and National integration policy same uniform is followed all over India.Similarly non Hindi language of the paired school will be taught in the Hindi speaking school. eg., If 32 JNVs are established in 32 districts of Tamil Nadu, Tamil will be taught as optional subject from class VI-XII in Hindi speaking migration linked vidyalayas. Each linked vidyalaya will have two Tamil teachers, will have Tamil books in their libraries and will propagate Tamil culture, literature, drama and

Loss to Tamil Nadu for not allowing JNVs:

             If Tamil Nadu had allowed to start JNVs in 1986 total of 74,400 students would have got quality, free education during the 31 years in 30 districts of Tamil Nadu. Central government would have invested 20 crores in each district resulting in loss of 64crores in 32 districts. Each district would have got 3.5 crores as yearly expenditure per district for providing free food, lodging, dress, books and all necessities of the innate. Each vidyalaya would have provided about 45 direct and permanent central government employments and indirect job opportunities for 100 persons. Most of all thousands of poor, talented, rural and backward students have lost the opportunities to shine and achieve at national and international levels. A great injustice to poor and rural students indeed.

To Start JNVs in Tamil Nadu:

           Kumari Maha Sabha being the representation body of the most literate district with highly qualified intellectuals took the lead and responsibility to bring JNVs in Tamil Nadu. Kumari Maha Sabha field a writ petition in Madras High Court. Madurai Bench which enlightened the people of Tamil Nadu that the rural youth of Tamil Nadu are deprived of quality, free education along with their bright future. The Honorable Court accepted Kumari Maha Sabha plea and directed Tamil Nadu government to do the needful in eight weeks to conduct the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Entrance Test along with the rest of the country in Jan 2018. Government of Tamil Nadu has to provide in each district a temporary accommodation to house 240 students and 30 acres of land in which Government of India would invest 20 crores an infrastructure.

           Though all the private institution in Tamil Nadu, owned and managed by politicians teach Hindi and all KVs teach Hindi and Sanskrit. Same politicians oppose JNVs by misguiding and falsification. It is time that JAWAHAR NAVODAYA VIDYALA are started in all 32 districts of Tamil Nadu and the first are in Kanniyakumari District to honor Kumari Maha Sabha.

Written By Dr. Y. R. Johnson (First Principal JNV)

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  • July 7, 2018 at 3:28 pm

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  • January 21, 2019 at 10:54 pm

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